The One That Has and Will Come: Finding Christ in the Old Testament

THEOLOGYGIRL-REFORMEDWOMEN STUDIES
Book: The Ancient Love Song, Finding Christ in the Old Testament
Notes on Genesis 3:15 (pt. iii)

“At least five themes appear in the great promise of Genesis 3:15: (1) redemption is God’s work (“I will put . . .”); (2) spiritual enmity will characterize human history (“I will put enmity . . .”); (3) redemption will be won by the woman’s seed (“he shall bruise your head”); (4) the promised seed will suffer (“you shall bruise his heel”); (5) redemption will be universal (“her seed”) Trace these themes as they appear in each of the unfolding promises of redemptive history: * to Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3) * to Judah (Genesis 49:8-12) * to David (2 Samuel 7:11-16) * to Isaiah (Isaiah 9:2-7) * to the “Son” (Psalm 2) * (Hebrews 2:10-18)”1/

Study Commentary:2/

— to Abraham — Genesis 12:1-3
Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

–to Judah — Genesis 49:8-12
Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee. Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.

–to David — 2 Samuel 7:11-16
And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

–to Isaiah — Isaiah 9:2-7
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

— to David — Psalm 2
Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

–as fulfilled in Christ — Hebrews 2:10-18
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee. And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy
him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

Do you see Christ in the above verses?

“in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed”
= Abraham’s seed, the Seed Christ will bless all the families of the earth.

“The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.”
= the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Christ, will rule with a rod of iron and all of His people will be gathered unto Him.

“And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever”
= the Seed Christ will come out of the loins of the godly messianic line of David and sits on the throne forever.

“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever.”
= Christ, the Child of Bethlehem, the Son of God; the Wonderful Counsellor, The Mighty God, The everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace, the ruler of the Universe.

“Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.”
= Christ, the Son of God, the anointed one.

“Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.”
= Christ, the high priest and deliverer of His people, His brethren, His godly seed that He has set apart for Himself came in the flesh, as the God man, to die on the cross to “save His people from their sins” and by giving them eternal life.

As we study the verses above, we see the seed of the woman in a threefold manner, i.e., the 1) the seed of the woman — mankind (all people groups; she is the “mother of all living”); 2) the seed of the woman — the messianic line (God’s children, the godly seed, the church) and 3) the seed of the woman — the Seed – the Lord Jesus Christ. As we trace the themes of the promised deliverer Christ, we see the enmity between the children of God (the godly seed) and the children of the Serpent (the ungodly seed). There is enmity throughout the Old Testament between God’s people and the children of the devil. Satan is a tormentor and he works through the children of disobedience (the evil seed). We were promised in Genesis 3:15 a deliverer would come and deliver His people out of the hands of the evil seed and out of the hands of the evil one, Satan and his host. The children of God waited and watched for that one that would come. God gave them prophets who wrote and told of the “coming of the just one” and God sent them prophets, good kings and kind rulers so they had rest as they waited. When would this ONE come and deliver the people of God? Did they not cry day and night saying, “How long Lord, how long”? They looked at earthly kings and said “is he the one”? They looked for prophets to lead them and they waited for deliverance. God sent them deliverers throughout the Old Testament who led them and helped them but the only ONE that could truly deliver them was the promised SEED, Christ, the Deliverer and Saviour of His people. He is the one that would “rule with a rod of iron” and “crush” the Serpent and deliver His people, the godly seed. They looked for that “Perfect One” the Second Adam, the Christ, the One that would redeem His people by living a perfect obedient life and giving Himself as a ransom for them. Christ is our deliverer and He is the deliverer of all His people; those of the Old Testament and those of the New Testament. They looked for ONE to come and we look back and see Him on the cross and what He has done for us and now we look forward to His Second Coming, to deliver us once and for all to glory. Praise Him that He is saving His church, the Bride, which He chose in Himself before the foundation of the world and that the “gates of hell will not prevail against it. ” Praise Him that we are the godly seed that He has redeemed! What precious promises He gave in the Garden of Eden and that He has fulfilled and will fulfill for us! Hallelujah what a Saviour!

_________
1/Charles D. Drew “The Ancient Love Song, Finding Christ in the Old Testament”  Chapter 2, pp. 23-24
2/  TheologyGirl-ReformedWomen Book Study: Ancient Love Song, Commentary May-August 2001.

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One comment on “The One That Has and Will Come: Finding Christ in the Old Testament

  1. Pingback: The One That Has and Will Come: Finding Christ in the Old Testament (via Theology Girl) | ReformedWomen

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